The airline of the Maltese Islands
Happening in Malta Show me indirect flights. An outward date must be selected first. A departure airport must be selected first. FROM: Departure Airport, City or Country TO: Arrival Airport, City or Country View all To January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December Please select a departure airport Please select an arrival airport Please select an outward date Please select a return date At least one adult or one child must be chosen before searching for flights. Air Malta direct flight Enter coupon

Please wait...

2nd flight
Outward date
Return date
Adults
Children
(2-11yrs)
Infants
(0-2yrs)
Find flights
Mostly Cloudy H:19°C L:15°C
In order to view your bookings, you must first login to your account.
LOGIN

Fortification

Bastions in Valletta

Due to Malta’s strategic position in the heart of the Mediterranean, it has made it vulnerable to attacks in the past.

Whether your approach is from air or sea, the first thing that strikes you is the island’s impregnable appearance. Its historically strategic role as an outpost protecting Christian Europe from the Ottoman Empire has bequeathed Malta with an iron-clad defence system of fortifications which today, although militarily unnecessary, are an indispensable part of the Maltese landscape.

Mostly concentrated around the Grand Harbour area, fortifications were built primarily during the reign of the Knights of St John. Using some of Europe’s best military engineers and architects, the fortifications were continuously improved and upgraded into what is today considered one of the finest examples of military defence architecture in the world.

Apart from protection against the advances of the Ottoman Empire, the Grand Harbour’s importance as a trans-shipment hub also necessitated strong defences, and the lucrative nature of shipping provided further funds to strengthen these defences. The Grand Harbour’s bastions and ramparts stretch over 25 km, and while visitors can examine the architectural details during the day, it’s at night that these magnificent structures come to life, providing a most romantic frame to the beautiful city architecture of Valletta, and the three cities.

Further inland, the walled city of Mdina dominates the surrounding land. Perched high-up on a hill, this medieval town with its labyrinthine streets and Norman architecture is well protected thanks to the ramparts rising high around the town’s buildings. Mdina’s Gozitan counterpart, Citadella, also stands proudly above its surrounding landscape. The walled city dates back to the Bronze Age (around 1500 BC) and was continuously fortified up to and during the reign of the Knights of St John.

Dotting the landscape around the islands are a number of smaller watchtowers known as the De Redin Towers, many of which are open to the public. These small towers were placed strategically around Malta, Comino, and Gozo. From each tower, soldiers could communicate with neighbouring towers, providing for a system of communication and early warning against invading corsairs. Most of the towers are relatively well preserved with a number having been restored recently.

The Victoria Lines – a complex walled defence system built by the British – are amongst the few examples of military defence that was not constructed by the Knights. The British built these defensive lines, which cut across the Island separating North from South, to protect the Grand Harbour – a vital asset for British naval superiority in the Mediterranean.

Did you know?

  • The famous eight-pointed Maltese Cross symbolizes the 8 obligations of the Knights of St John: Truth, faith, repent of sins, humility, justice, merciful, sincere and enduring persecution.
Username required... 
Password required... 
Invalid login details... 
Facebook login failed. There is no Facebook account registered with this email address.  
LOGIN 
LOGOUT 
Email required... 
SUBMIT 
Change password request. 
Invalid account... 
Email Sent! 
An email with a password change request has been sent to your email address. Once received, click on the link provided to be able to change your password.
Join our newsletter
Are you sure you want to unsubscribe?
Merħba 
Good to see you again
to